FinalArtNotes - I Rococoart A Ideasoffreedom/ B C 1...

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I. Rococo art  A. Ideas of freedom/individuality through specific aspects of nature B. Beginning of Salons — start of philosophical conversations C. Architecture and Interior 1. irregular, light, delicate, organic, dance-like movement 2. sensory images: bright atmosphere, extravagance  3. inversion of relationship between ornament and structure a) ornament dominates 4. French architects a) Nature overwhelms b) Neumann —> Vierzehnhelligan Church (1) Makes elements light/thin c) Episcopal Palace (1) grand staircase - light reflect surfaces/reminder of heaven (2) Tiepolo fresco in the sky (a) dominated by air (b) much different from Barbini ceiling where everything is compact d) new genre: fete galante (entertainment/festive)  D. Painting in the Rococo 1. Lebron vs Watteau a) Lebron: committed to disegno b) Watteau: organic, light, love-filled, images related to tragedy of broken hearts (1) Pilgrimage to Cythera  (a) introduction of fete gallant (b) on an island of fantasy but now they must leave (c) fete gallante: festive, celebratory  (d) airbrushed strokes (hazy)  (e) unfinished quality (f) Secularity - “Religion of Love” (g) Voyerurism - eroticism  (h) past/present (cupid in contemporary clothing)  i) shows the struggles of the French Academy: Rubenisque and Poussinisme (i) Rubenisque: new genre over disegno  i) color and nature are the essences of life and hold importance over the de- sign 2. Fragonard: La Gimblette a) rise of the sketch where sketches become finished works 3. Fragonard: The Spring a) Eroticism: man pointing at women  b) fanciful/light/comedic II. The Grand Tour A. Encouraged understanding of French and Italian history  B. Raised social status of the artist  III. Neoclassicism  A. Reaction after Enlightenment  B. Ideas are clear instead of flowery like Rococo art 1. smooth surfaces, glossy 
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C. Jacques-Louis David: Oath of Horatti 1. displays history and patriotism towards Rome 2. Women on opposing sides of the battle  3. Men feel honored to be going out to fight 4. 18th century ideas of feminine/masculine  5. Disegno: extremely clear  6. Primitive architecture  a) arches  7. Iconography: classical clothing/importance to history D. Jacques-Louis David: Mme Racamier (1800) 1. Women laid on bench 2. Poussisme in the French Academy  a) clearer subject, less focus on color 3. Austere space — strict, simple forms  4. Classical subject matter 5. Patriotism — country before family where Enlightenment based on family 6. Drapery, roman clothing 7. Forms being re-used in architecture E. David artwork — Napoleon crossing the Alps 1. Neo-baroque spirit: wind and energy blowing throughout F. History painting triumphs over genre painting 1. ideas of life, liberty, heroism, love of country and sacrifice  G.
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