HISTunit1Terms - 1 Who What When and Where 2 At least one...

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1. Who, What, When, and Where 2. At least one or two specific things about the term that only apply to that term and are of major significance to the term 3. Why is the term important - What is the result of the term? Archaic Period: Mesoamerica , the birthplace of agriculture in North America, extends from central Mexico into Central America. A series of complex, literate, urban cultures emerged in this region beginning around 1200 B . C . E . The Olmecs, who flourished on Mexico s Gulf Coast from about 1200 to 400 B . C . E . and their successors in the region built cities featuring large pyramids, developed religious practices that included human sacrifice, and devised calendars and writing systems. Two of the most prominent Mesoamerican civilizations that followed the Olmecs were the Mayans in the Yucatán and Guatemala and the Aztecs of Teotihuacán in central Mexico. Mayan civilization reached its greatest glory between about 150 and 900 C . E . in the southern Yucatán, creating Mesoamerica's most advanced writing and calendrical systems. The Mayans of the southern Yucatán suffered a decline after 900, but there were still many thriving Mayan centers in the northern Yucatán when Europeans arrived in the Americas. The great city of Teotihuacán dominated central Mexico from the first century to the eighth century C . E . and influenced much of Mesoamerica through trade and conquest The Aztecs , A warrior people who dominated the Valley of Mexico from 1100 to 1521. The Puebloans , Early in the first century C . E ., Ancestral Puebloan peoples (sometimes called Anasazis) began to settle in farming communities where the borders of present-day Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico meet. Around 1200, the climate of the Southwest grew colder, making
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1. Who, What, When, and Where 2. At least one or two specific things about the term that only apply to that term and are of major significance to the term 3. Why is the term important - What is the result of the term? it more difficult to grow enough to feed the large population. By 1300, survivors abandoned the cliff dwellings and dispersed into smaller villages along the Rio Grande. Their descendants include the Hopis and Zunis, as well as other Puebloan peoples in the desert Southwest. The Mississippi Culture, The last mound-building culture, the Mississippian, emerged between 1000 and 1500 in the Mississippi Valley. Mississippian farmers raised enough food to support sizable populations and major urban centers. Mississippian culture began to decline in the thirteenth century, perhaps due to an ecological crisis.
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