Sparta vs. Athens - Page |1 Shakera Davis Professor Depolo...

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P a g e | 1 Shakera Davis Professor Depolo English 200 23 November 2015 Sparta vs. Athens Ancient Greek history was dominated by two governments: Sparta and Athens. In government it was important to be an athletic. You had to be tough, strong, endure hardships and follow orders that was given. The other valued more like education. The importance was science and mathematics. The arts played a great part in the societies. Singing or playing an instrument was greatly admired. Both governments had military strength. Because of this they both played important roles in the defense of Ancient Greece. Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of the only the highest social standing. Sparta had two kings, a council who proposed new laws and an assembly that approved the new laws. There also was small group of five men known as the “Ephors”. The Ephors were elected annually. (Powell) The two kings was also elected round the same time, whom passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. The Ephors had the power to overrule the king, but they kept the order instead. They could veto everything coming out of the assembly and council. The Ephors led the council and also ran the military. They kept the educational system in order, along with the infant selection system. The Spartan society was best known for the military which they used to keep revolts from happening again. The Spartans believed that military power was the way to provide security and
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P a g e | 2 protection for their city. When a child was born, the government officials was the ones who decided whether the girls or boys were strong and healthy. If the baby was not declared as healthy, it was taken outside the city and left for dead. When a male child turned the age of seven he was sent to military school. As part of their training, they also had to learn to endure hardships that they would face as soldiers. They ran, jumped, swam, and threw javelin to increase their strength. To test their endurance they weren’t given shoes or warm clothes in winter. The wanted
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