Geography Study Sheets - L1 Introduction to Geography...

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L1: Introduction to Geography Geography : the study of patterns and processes of the earths surface Two branches of geography Physical Geography Study of patterns and processes of the physical world Physical environment (landforms, climate, hydrology, geology, ecology) Human Geography Study of patterns and processes of the human world Social environment (economy, culture, politics, behaviour) Human Geography the study of human patterns and processes The spatial patterns of people, their cultures, economies, settlements, political and social structures, and behaviour The processes that produce these spatial Another way of Looking at Geography: Geography: what is where, why there, and why care (Charles Gritzner) Description of the spatial organizations (patterns) of people, places and human phenomena Explanation of the processes that produce these patterns Interpretation of what these patterns mean (i.e the significance or meaning of these patterns) L2 & L3: Key Concepts Introduction: Geographic Literacy Human geographic concepts: Space Location Place Distance Distribution Space : areal extent (amount of area) 1 Absolute space: objective, physically real, with measurable extent and definable boundaries Key for map-making, description and analysis (explanation) of spatial distributions Useful for maps, explaining 1 Relative space Subjective/perceptual and variable over time It depends on your perspective, your perceptions of for ex. The campus space will change.. Its not so far to go to itb to mdcl anymore but on first day of school you might've thought so Making the point: space Absolute space: mathematical projections Relative space : relative positioning and importance e.g a topological map: are maps that come in variety of forms, for ex. A sketch map, the scale isn't exactly right but its relatively correct (distance b/w isn't correct)
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Location: refers to a particular position in space 1 Absolute (mathematical) location: latitude and longitude coordinate using an arbitrary mathematical grid *0 degrees W, and 43 degrees N Relatively unchanging 1 Relative (perceived) location: a short drive from downtown, or adjacent to cootes paradise, etc. Subject to change and interpretation 1 Nominal (or toponym) location: a place name A location of significance is given a name, for ex. This location we are in is called McMaster university Making the point: Location (absolute) Map that shows latitude and longitude Topographic map: shows at a smaller resolution and more precise area rather than a larger zoomed out location Place: a location with a particular identity or meaning of significance (individual or collective) Ex. Favorite restaurant is your favorite place but maybe not someone else, has meaning and significance to you but not to someone else Ex. Your childhood home, meaningful to you and your family and friends, but to the rest of everyone its meaningless Location + cultural/ human meaning = place Sense of place: the personally significant attachments we associate with certain place (ex. Your home)
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