TEST FOR 1-5 - 1.What compound directly provides energy for...

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1.What compound directly provides energy for cellular work? ATP DNA fat sucrose C6H12O6 2.Where does protein synthesis take place? in the nucleolus in the Golgi apparatus on ribosomes on smooth endoplasmic reticulum in the nucleus 3. An enzyme's function is dependent on its ______. weight temperature shape size pH 4. The act of a white blood cell engulfing a bacterium is ______. pinocytosis diffusion phagocytosis osmosis receptor-mediated endocytosis 5. Animals store carbohydrates as ______. glucose cellulose starch maltose 6. Lysosomes are responsible for ______. lipid synthesis cellular respiration digestion of organic matter inside the cell
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photosynthesis protein synthesis 7. An atom's protons are found in its ______. neutron isotope electron cloud molecule nucleus 8. Examine the two sugars in the following figure. How do these two sugars compare? Glucose Fructose C6H12O6 C6H12O6 Glucose has more double bonds. They are structurally identical in every way. Fructose has more hydrogen. They have the same formula but different structures. Glucose has more hydrogen. 9. While shopping, you settle on two types of cookies. The nutritional label for the chocolate mint cookies lists 5 grams of saturated fat, 0 grams of trans fat, 22 grams of carbohydrates, and 11 grams of protein per serving. The nutritional label for the peanut butter cookies lists 0 grams of saturated fat, 5 grams of trans fat, 26 grams of carbohydrates, and 4 grams of protein per serving. Which cookies are less healthy? The chocolate mint cookies because they contain more total grams of protein and carbohydrates. The chocolate mint cookies because they contain more protein. The peanut butter cookies because they contain more trans fat. The chocolate mint cookies because they contain more saturated fat. The peanut butter cookies because they contain more grams of carbohydrates. The manufacturer of the chocolate mint cookies changed the ingredients of its cookies. Each serving now has 1 gram of saturated fat (4 fewer grams), 4 grams of trans fat (4 more grams), 21 grams of carbohydrates (1 fewer gram), and 11 grams of protein (no change). Do you think that the manufacturer made these cookies healthier? No, because the number of proteins was not changed. No, because they now have less saturated fat. Yes, because they now have fewer grams of carbohydrates. Yes, because they now have less saturated fat. No, because they now have more grams of trans fat. 10. In a scientific experiment, the control group ______. is subjected to the factor whose effect is being tested serves as a basis of comparison with the experimental group is required for the validity of discovery science allows for the simultaneous testing of multiple variables serves to increase the sample size of the experiment
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11. Most human cells contain ______ chromosomes.
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