Chapter 1 Main Reading Quiz

Chapter 1 Main Reading Quiz - CHAPTER 1 1 Ecology is a...

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CHAPTER 1 1. Ecology is a component of modern biology that is helping us_____. Understand our immune system evaluate environmental issues Answer questions about ancestry revolutionize medicine Understand & apply new aspects of psychology 2. Which property of life is responsible for changes seen in organisms over time? Energy utilization regulation order evolution response to the environment 3. The life-supporting region of the Earth is the_____. Hypothesis cell ecosystem genre biosphere 4. Which of these is an ecosystem? Lakes the producers found in Lake Erie Lake Erie The mineral content, depth, & temperature of the water of Lake Erie All of the fish in Lake Erie 5. Most plants are _____> Producers unicellular decomposers consumers composed of prokaryotic cells 6. What is the fundamental unit of life? Ecosystem biome DNA gene cell 7. Which of these is a type of prokaryotic cell? A worm cell a plant cell a mushroom cell a human cell a bacterial cell 8. Why can bacteria express human genes? Both humans& bacteria are composed of prokaryotic cells They share a common genetic language Both humans & bacteria are composed of eukaryotic cells Human genes & bacterial genes are the same size Humans are composed of cells that resemble bacterial cells 9. Based on diversity, life is divided into Bacteria, Archaea, & Eukarya. These groupings are called- _____. Kingdoms protists unity domains eukaryotes 10. Darwin called a mechanism for descent w/ modification _____. Artificial selection The Origin of Species discovery science a theory natural selection 11. What mechanism explains why polar bears are white & bears found farther south have a darker color? Continental drif common genetic language natural selection The fact that polar bears are composed of prokaryotic cells whereas bears found farther south are compose of eukaryotic cells Inheritance of acquired characteristics 12. What is the basis of natural selection? The accumulation of favorable traits in a population Individuals passing on their traits to their offspring Unequal reproductive success The selective breeding of domesticated plants & animals
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