KIN 2500 Exam 1 Notes - Test 1 Chapter 1 An Introduction to...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

Test 1 Chapter 1: An Introduction to the Human Body Anatomy- the study of structures, and the relationship of those structures to the body Dissection- Cutting apart of the human body for examination Physiology- the study of the function of body parts Homeostasis- base line, many things can change homeostasis - Stressors - Environment (external) - Infection (internal) - External and internal stimuli Noninvasive Diagnostic Techniques - Inspection o Looking, general observation - Palpation o Pressing on the body structures - Auscultation o Listening - Percussion o Think drums, tapping on the body structures and listening for an echo Level of Body Organization* Chemical - atoms, combine in variable ways to form molecules Cellular -molecules arranged into specific patterns or forms to form the cellular level, functional unit Tissue - cells form tissue, collection of similar cells (similar from the point of embryonic development) that perform a common function Organs - various tissues (2 or more) make up organs, stomach as example System Level - made up of different organs, come together for one purpose Organismic Level - systems combine to make an organism Anatomical Names* - Become familiar with the anatomical names* - Ex. The chin is also known as the mental Basic Anatomical Terminology - Anatomical position- palms forward, facing forward - Prone- face down - Supine- face up - Metabolism- sum of all chemical processes
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

- Responsiveness- how we react to the internal and external stimuli - Differentiation- specialization of cells - Autopsy- tells us the cause of death, completed postmortem - Regional names Directional Terms - Planes o Imaginary division of the body o Planes picture on test* - Sagittal plane o Divides the body or organ into left and right parts - Midsagittal (median) plane o Divides the body into left and right parts directly down the middle (equal) - Parasagittal plane o Unequal left and right parts - Frontal (coronal) plane o Divides the body into anterior and posterior (front and back) - Transverse plane o Divides the body into upper and lower parts o *What plane is perpendicular to the Midsagittal plane? Transverse plane! - Oblique plane o Diagonal plane - Section o Any part that is divided by the planes - Superior o Anything toward the head - Inferior o Anything away from the head or below - Medial o Towards the midline of the body - Lateral o Away from the midline of the body - Proximal o Closest to the point of attachment o Usually used when talking about the extremities - Distal o Further from the point of attachment - Anterior o Front - Posterior o Back Body Cavities - Spaces within the body that help protect, separate, and support internal organs - Bones, muscles and ligaments separate body cavities from each other
Image of page 2
- Cranial cavity and vertebral (spinal) canal o Cranial- houses the brain o Vertebral- houses the spinal cord - Thoracic cavity (superior) - Abdominopelvic cavity (inferior) - Viscera o All organs of the body - Pericardial cavity and two pleural cavities (Fig 1.7) o These are within the thoracic cavity - Mediastinum o
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '08
  • Hargroder
  • cells, Epithelial tissue

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern