1354_Veal_m1 - 1 MODULE 1 CHAPTERS 1-2(94 points total...

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1 MODULE 1 – CHAPTERS 1- 2 ( 94 points total) Answers are to come directly from the Berk textbook. Include page numbers in the text to show where your answers were found. The gray boxes are available for you to highlight and type right in. One point will be awarded for each correct answer. REVIEW – Chapter 1 History, Theory, and Research Strategies THE FIELD OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT Complete the following: Concept Answer Page # 1 . Child development is an interdisciplinary field. Explain what this means. It means a body of knowledge that is not just scientifically important but also relevant and useful due to the combine effort of people from different fields. 4 & 5 2 . 3 . 4 . List and describe the three domains of development. a. Physical - Is the developmental stage of sitting, reaching, crawling, and walking. 5 b. Cognitive - Is the changes in intellectual abilities such as creative and being aware of their surroundings. c. Emotional and social – Is the change in a child emotional communication, they have knowledge about other people, and moral reasoning and behaviors. BASIC ISSUES Match the developmental terms: Continuous development Discontinuous development Stage Contexts Nature-nurture controversy Theory
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2 Resilience Plasticity Concept to Match Developmental Term Page # 5. A qualitative change in thinking, feeling, and behaving characterizing a specific period Stage 8 6. Ability to adept effectively in the face of threats to development Resilience 10 7. Debate among theorists about whether genetic or environmental factors are more important Nature-nurture controversy 9 8. Development is a process where new ways of understanding and responding to the world emerge at specific times Discontinuous development 8 9. Orderly, integrated set of statements describing, explaining, and predicting behavior Theory 7 10 . Open to change in response to influential experiences Plasticity 9 11 . Regards development as a cumulative process of gradually augmenting the same types of skills that were there to begin with Continuous development 8 12 . Unique combination of personal and environmental circumstances that can result in different paths of change Contexts 8 HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS Summarize each person’s theory. Theorist Summary of Theory Page # 13 . John Locke Locke believed parents could mold the child in any way they could though proper instructions, effective examples, and reward system for good behavior. 12 14 . Jean-Jacques Rousseau Rousseau believed that the adult should be considerate of the child’s needs throughout infancy, childhood, late childhood, and adolescence. 13 15 . Charles Darwin Darwin’s theory was that certain species survive in particular parts of the world because of their characteristic to adapt to their surroundings.
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