3 Formal and Informal Analysis

3 Formal and Informal Analysis - As you draw heavily from...

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As you draw heavily from your reading s , and or experiences, explain the difference between formal and informal analysis . Introduction Formal and informal analysis are approaches to critical analysis which according to Moran, 1997, is a form of intelligent criticism which helps people to reach independent and justifiable conclusions about their experiences. The subject of formal and informal analysis is better understood when broken down into various components, making reference to various writings and works of scholars and various experiences. For this subject to be understood with clarity, we need define some of these terms. Analysis To analyze something is to break it down into its components, identifying the constituent’s parts and exploring the relationship between them. It is to find out what something is made of or how it is construed. Analysis is presented as a largely objective process undertaken in order to gain a better understanding or to draw conclusions about the thing or issue under review. According to Voss, & Perkins an argument is the primary unit of analysis. What is an argument? An argument is a set of claims that offers reasons as evidence for the truth. In case of an argument, you identify the issue, the premise and the conclusion. Analyzing arguments is a foundational skill, since you cannot begin to determine how good an argument is until you understand exactly how the argument works, and identifying the parts of an argument can be a daunting task. Arguments often fail to be as clearly constructed as we might like. This lack of clarity may result from the arguers writing style or may be due to the complexity of the argument. Arguers may or may not use interference indicators to assist in argument analysis. According to Armstrong & Fogelinsay, “Arguments are tools and to understand tools we need to know the purpose (use), material (mode of), and the form (it takes). They continue to say that: “The word ‘argument’ may suggest quarrels or squabble to a child – abuse, name calling and yelling. In the same book, Monty Python (year) defines an argument as “a connected series of sentences, statements, or propositions (called “premises”) that are intended to give reasons of some kind for a sentence, statement, or proposition (called the “conclusion”). 1
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Arguments are in advertisements; courtrooms; political arena, religious debates, academic courses like Mathematics, Science, History, Literature, and Philosophy and in our personal lives. FORMAL AND INFORMAL ANALYSIS Group definition Formal means something that is well structured, systematic and procedural. In language, formal adheres to certain rules. For example, a simple sentence has a subject, verb, object without which, it is not formal. A formal letter is different from an informal letter. This shows that formal follows certain rules and is structured.
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