exam 2 study guide SOP3004 sp 2016_for students (1)

exam 2 study guide SOP3004 sp 2016_for students (1) - Exam...

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Exam 2 Study Guide SOP3004 I Overall 1. There will be 50 multiple-choice questions on the exam. 2. Overall, the test will be about 60% from material covered both in lecture and book, 20% from material only covered in the book, and 20% from material only covered in lecture. 3. Many of the questions on the test do not ask for specific definitions of concepts, but instead require you to recognize examples of the concept. So be able to apply the concepts. 4. Be familiar with the videos that we watched in class. II Genes, Culture and Gender (Chapter 5) 1. What is evolutionary psychology and how does it relate to similarities across cultures? Evolutionary psychology is the study of the evolution of cognition and behavior using principles of natural selection. This relates to culture because human species’ different thought processes are applied throughout different cultures. 2. What is culture? How are cultures similar? How are cultures different? Culture: group’s shared behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions passed on for generations. Cultures are similar because of friendship norms, status norms, incest taboo, norms of war, and emotion recognition. Cultures are different because of gender roles, personal space, dialect theory, and meaning of hand gestures. 3. What are norms? Why do we follow norms and how do we feel when we break a norm? Norms are informal riles defining the expected and appropriate behavior is specific situations. We follow norms to adapt to a certain situation and when we break a norm, we feel like we have violated the standards of the group. 4. How are men and women different? How are they alike? Be familiar with independence vs. connectedness and social dominance. Men and women follow gender roles: norms set for men and women . Men and women are different in the way that they treat others, they are different anatomically, and in what is socially acceptable for each to do. They are similar in psychological traits, emotional traits, and similar-appearing brains. 5. Be able to define and recognize examples of traditional gender roles. How are gender roles being expanded? Traditional gender roles vary with culture, vary over time, and are peer-transmitted . Gender roles are being expanded as more women and men are fighting the “societal norms” set for them. III Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience (Chapter 6) 1. Be able to define social influence, conformity, compliance, and obedience (as given in lecture). Social influence : changed behavior due to pressure (perceived or real) from others Conformity : changing behavior to match the actions of others in the group Compliance : changing behaviors as a result of a direct request Obedience : acting in accord with a direct request from an authority 2. Be very familiar with Sherif’s (1935-37) studies and Asch’s (1956) study.
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