Week 2 Bus 410 assignment 2

Week 2 Bus 410 assignment 2 - 1 I Lan gua ge& C.r1t.1cal...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 . . I . . Lan gua ge & C....r1t.1cal Thmkt ng ,H. L, L, * The role of language in critical thinking is a gentle. compiles tool used to communicate difi'erent effects into categories such facts and t'cclin Equally acknowledged by Kirby and Cioodpaster, [Kirk-y, 1999'] "lulu-"e think with words. we read this, we are using language to think. We haye defined thinking broadly the activity ol‘the brain that can potentially communicated. Although we may think in other ways besides language, such with images or feelings. language plays a central role in our thinking." (Kirby, 199E}, alt-.1, part-ill Language yery vital to how well we undertake critical thinking. also it‘s how we express our ._ thoughts, jargons and our ideas known. Language Critical Thinking Cont... . Language is key to critical thinking, it defines how effectiye one’s argument would be, also the choice of language can confuse, deceiye mislead, or conceal the truth. A good critical thinker uses language that sees the needs and expectations of the audience, and is appropriate to the occasion, person , place, and time. __,h_,ere are four areas of language, word choice, "libigttity, definition, and intensity. Challenges Presented by Lat-iguagc in Critical Thinking Int—- - in d Cltuiees: The English language euntains five—hundred thuusand wurd l‘unetiens. and five-hundred eei'nmun wurds have a eulleetive tetal ell“ leurteen- theusand meanings. The hypethesis et" 1It'll-'herliSapir suggest that the wards at" a speeifie language aids in detennining the appieaeh ut"hew neuple interpret engagements. The thedrgvr l'ljt-FIJEJII'ICSlZCS judgements and aetiens whieh are determined by language. “and eheiee permits us te SCCCJI'IdaI‘ilF express eUr feelin and it ali'eets the way eur audienee aets in respenses te eur argument. ' .Atnbi gulls-'1 .-5u'nl_'iigueus langua a risk el‘ misunt'lerstanding. it has a ward er phrase that has inure than une meaning. Euphen-iisn-i has l‘et-ver direet wurds. used in .plaee of a mere ureeL whieh he eunsidered unpleasant. Euphemis is d to elean up an indlvt ual's language. else shnuld he used tTaI‘fifilll}-'_ lluwevet'. -"phem.isms inerease the vaguen level. by mat-tin g a negative appear pesitive. the 'ad seem geed, unpleasantappears attraetive, It alsu eeneeals er prevents understat‘u‘lin g. IMPACT OF LANGUAGE. ON CRITICAL. THINKING ' Language is linked te an audienee attentien and eumprehensien, it relates tn the appreval and denial ed" an argument. It alse ean afi'eet the eredihilitv ed" the dehater, and deeides hew individu understand their em-‘irenment. - The Selective Perception Process Selective Es pesure l Selective Attentlen l Selective Cemprehe nsIe-n l Seleettve Retentlan I M PA C T OF LA N G U A GE ON DECISION MAKING in the d-t':isinn making: pres-ass are alters. n_d.,l_ Itrequjres defi 1T rrhlvni and 1dE1]ttI‘j.-'1I|][{ the taetars related nude. t1L aceta- g deeisien—inal-ang I |'|"I."|'|l1|'II-" |.|'I:." -.:_-.".'1:-.i-.-l" it l'eqliI'EE- LhEJ an maker ta make and execute a plan. ‘I'LII'II'HIJ'EI' |I‘-." -."|'|i."'.'|.:-. I'Il' |I‘-." -.:.-."'.'i til" allnvrs tn be d+;H_-urnented and used . ta steer deeisian- making and learning preeesses. ChalIeI-iges P "esented by Language in Critical Thinking Cut-1L.” * Del'initiun: 'The t'unetien at"T definitien is te get the sender and reeeiver an the same page in arder te a nd needless eennatatians that prevent a eent-‘ersatien of more significant eaneerns. it also indicates the sense in vvhieh veu use an aeeustenied tvnrd. A denetative meaning is the way a award is generallv used. and a eannetative meaning is the s-va}: a persen einntinnallv responds tn language; it is a signifieaitt part of euntinunieatinn. ' Intensity: Intensity denntes the use nt'tverds er phrases that nrnmetes the emetienal level [ifeenintunieatinn happen stance, alse intensity can he inund in one uf three areas, which are abusive Ian guage. strnn g etnntive wards, er negative ' iaiuatin g n-rerds. Cl-tallenges Presented by Language on Decision Making L. * Conlirmatitnt Hias: onlyr esplore in tormation that supports our idea ' Hindsight l'iias: reporting untruthFull}! that we proieeted an outeotne ' :‘lk‘v'ttllt.tl".rllll}-' lleuristie: ealeulating possibilities grounded on ease of reeall " Hose—Rate FE-.tlll'1t;}-'I disregarding information about universal prineiples * Representativeness lleurislie: making deeisions grottnded on stereotypes NP JAIL- n1L—1F'I‘L Inductive-.- Dcdurtivc- Haasaning Haasunlng (stun-“d :spngn'u ’P ’l‘ Sprain-fun Ljfil'lfrl'u'il 1 . Co n C 1 us 1 o n C'ritieal thinking and deeis ion making ehallenges represented by language tltese ehallenges ean he managed by language eltoiees that matehes time, plaeei person and oeeasion for whieh the language is intended. Llsin g eorreet language ean enhanee eredihility and elaim atlherenee. Using ineorreet, ean damage erediljililjv and lead to rejection of the position hein g advaneed. The t'imetiolt of a definition is to get the sender and reeeiver on the same page in order to avoid needless eonnotations that prevent a eont--ersatir:in of more signit'ieant eoneerns. it also indieales the in whieh you use an aeeustomed word. [Ittens it}; denotes the use of words or phrases that promotes tlte emotional level of eommunieation happenstanees also intensity ean he found in one ot" three areas, whieh are abusive language. strong emotive words, or negative evaluating otfds. Word ehoiees, the English languag' five—hundred thousand word titnetions, and hundred eommon words have a eolleetive total of foorteen-thousand meanings. ' a biguous language ltas a risk of misunderstandin it has a word or phrasetltat has more an one meaning. L‘ritieal thinking and deeisttm making rely on all of these eoneepts. ...
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