Anthropology Final Study Guide

Anthropology Final Study Guide - Anthropology Final Study...

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Anthropology Final Study Guide Franz Boas – The father of Anthropology in the USA Cultural Relativism – “Understanding another culture in its own terms sympathetically enough so that the culture appears to be a coherent and meaningful design for living” Ethnography – The first hand, personal study of a local setting through fieldwork. Enculturation – The process of learning or acquiring one’s culture. Culture – “That complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society” Race – The attempt to assign humans to discrete categories “based on (perceived) common ancestry” Herbert Spencer – Early cultural evolutionist (1800s) and the author of the quote: “Survival of the Fittest” 4 Disciplines in American General Anthropology” o Cultural Anthropology o Archaeological Anthropology o Biological Anthropology o Linguistic Anthropology Science – “The systematic field of study or body of knowledge that aims, through experiment, observation, and dedication, to produce reliable explanations of phenomena, with reference to the material and physical world” Phenotype – Our primary means of communications, based on arbitrary, learned associations between words and the things they stand for. Call Signs (Systems) – Vocal systems based on a limited number of sounds that are only produced in response particular environmental stimuli. Phenotype – An organism’s physically evident traits – it manifest biology.
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