Midterm study guide explanations only

Midterm study guide explanations only - CST 100 Midterm...

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CST 100 Midterm Study Guide Explanations to Answers 1) In IDLE, the default file extension is .py. 2) According to Chapter 1 -M1, many modern languages use both compiled and interpreted processes. They are first compiled into a lower level language, called byte code, and then interpreted by a program called a virtual machine. Python uses both processes, but because of the way programmers interact with it, it is usually considered an interpreted language. 3) Basic addition. 3+2 = 5 4) In Python, booleans can return True or False, as well as 1 or 0. In this case, check_x() is checking to see if number is 0 or 1. Since the number is 99, it skips to the else statement and prints out “number is equal to.” 5) x is 49. The first if statement checks if x is greater than or equal to 49. Since x equals 49, it will print XLIX. 6) x = 49. Since x does not equal 0, it will print exclamation. 7) You cannot assign an array element to a string. You would have to split the string and turn it into a string array, and then assign the 0th element to j. 8) x = 1. The outer for loop (i) goes from 0 to 1. The inner for loop (j) goes from 0 to 1. In the first iteration, x = x+1, which is 1+1, or 2. It keeps going through the for loops until it reaches the end of the outer and inner loops. X = 1+1+1+1+1 = 5 9) Explanation: For every i that can take the values 0 and 1 there will be a j that can take values of 0 or 1. Therefore, the print statement will be executed 2*2 = 4 times. 10) The ** denotes an exponential calculation on operators. So 3**4 means 3 to the 4th power (or 3^4). C = 3**2 evaluates to 3^2, which is 9. 11) c = 4*3, so c = 12. c += 1 -> 12+1 = 13 12) 7/3 = 2, with remainder 1. The modulus operator (%) deals with remainders, so 7 % 3 is 1 13) // means division. 7/3 = 2.333, which is rounded down to 2, since the variables are integers. 14) 7+3 = 10 15) Variable names cannot start with digits. 3bears is not a valid variable name, so it returns a syntax error.
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