Oxygen_Delivery_Systems - Oxygen Delivery Systems 1 Oxygen...

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Oxygen Delivery Systems 1. Oxygen is considered a medication and must be ordered by health care provider 2. The medical Order prescribes the rate of oxygen adminstration. 3. Closely monitor the flow rate to verify that the patient is receiving the prescribed concentration a. In an emergency situtation the absence of a prescription should not delay the administration of oxygen to the patient. b. Provide clear explanations about the procedure and purpose to reduce anxiety. c. Encourage patients to discuss concerns. d. If oxygen is given during an emergency, explanations concurrent with administration are appropriate. 4. Sources of oxygen a. Therapeutic oxygen is supplied from a wall outlet or portable cylinder or tank b. A sepcially designed flow meter is attched to the wall outlet i. The value represents the oxygen flow ii. The other gauge indicates the number of liters per minute of oxygen being released. 5. Oxygen flow rate a. Mesured in liter per minute. b. Determines the amount of oxygen delivered to the patient. c. To regulate the oxygen percentage concentration acuuratly, samples of mixture the patietn is acutally inhaling may be analyzed every 4 hours. 6. Humification a. Oxygen dries and dehydrates the respiratory mucous membranes, b. Humidifying devices (supplying 20-40%) are commonly used when oxygen is delivered at higher flow rates c. Distilled or sterile is used to humidfy oxygen. d. Low-flow oxygen ( 2L/min or less ) . humification is not required for nasal cannal e. When moving patients receiving humidified oxygen make sure that water from humidifer does not enter the ozygen the tubing through which the oxygen is flowing.
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Low-flow Oxygen Delivery Systems Advantages Disadvantages Nursing Interventions A length of tubing with two small prongs for insertion into the nares. It is a safe, simple, and easy-to-apply method. It is comfortable and well-tolerated The client is able to eat, talk, and ambulate The FiO2 varies with the flow rate, and rate and depth of the client’s breathing. Extended use may lead to skin breakdown and dry mucous membranes.
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