PSY 223 Exam 4 Textbook Notes

PSY 223 Exam 4 Textbook Notes - PSY 223 Exam 4 Textbook...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSY 223 Exam 4 Textbook Notes Chapter 20 Senescence Senescence: process of aging whereby the body becomes less strong and efficient Presbycusis: significant loss of hearing associated with senescence Sexual Reproductive System Infertility: inability to conceive after trying for at least a year Menopause: time in middle age usually around 50 when a woman’s periods cease and the production of estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone drops. Strictly speaking, menopause is dated a year after a woman’s last menstrual period though many months before and after that date are menopausal. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT): taking hormones (in pills, patches, or injections) to compensate for hormone reduction. Most common in women at menopause or after removal of their ovaries, but also used by men as their testosterone decreases. HRT has some medical uses but also carries health risks. Andropause (male menopause): term coined to signify a drop in testosterone levels in older men, which normally results in reduced sexual desire, erections, and muscle mass. Health Habits and Age Drug abuse Obesity Inactivity Measuring Health Mortality (death): expressed as the annual number of deaths per hundred thousand in the population Morbidity (disease): refers to the rate of diseases (physical, emotional, acute, and chronic) in a given population Disability: refers to difficulty in performing “activities of daily life” because of a “physical, mental, or emotional condition.” Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs): measure of the reduced quality of life caused by a disability Vitality: refers to how healthy and energetic (physically, intellectually, and socially) an individual really feels
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs): way of comparing mere survival without vitality to survival with good health. A full year of health is a full QALY; people with less than full health have a fraction of QALY each year. Thus, their total QALY is less than the total years they live Chapter 21 What is Intelligence? General intelligence (g): assumes that intelligence is one basic trait underlying all cognitive abilities. According to this concept, people have varying levels of this general ability Seattle Longitudinal Study: first cross-sequential study of adult intelligence. This study began in 1956 and is repeated every 7 years Components of Intelligence Fluid intelligence: those types of basic intelligence that make learning of all sorts quick and thorough. Abilities such as short term memory, abstract thought, and speed of thinking are all usually considered part of fluid intelligence Crystallized intelligence: those types of intellectual ability that reflect accumulated learning. Vocabulary and general information are examples. Some developmental psychologists think crystallized intelligence increases with age while fluid intelligence declines.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern