ITALIAN UNIT 3A - 3A La Famiglia di Alessia Bianchi celibe...

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Unformatted text preview: 3A. La Famiglia di Alessia Bianchi celibe Single (male) Divorziato/a divorced Fidanzato/a engaged nubile Single (female) Separato/a separated Vedovo/a widowed il/la bambino/a Child,baby il cognome last name la coppia couple il/la figliastro/a stepson,stepdaughter il fratello older brother il fratellastro stepbrother il fratellino little brother i/le gemelli/e twins la matrigna stepmother il/la nipote nephew/niece/grandson/granddaughter i parenti relatives il patrigno stepfather il/la ragazzo/a boy/girl/BF/GF la sorella sister la sorellastra stepsister la sorellina little sister maggiore elder minore youger il/la cognato/a brother/sister in law il genero son in law la nuora daughter in law il/la suocero/a father/mother in law il canarino canary il gatto cat il pesce fish il cane dog nonno/a grandfather/mother padre/madre father/mother marito/moglie husband/wife figlia/o daughter/son zio/a uncle/aunt i genitori parents cugino/a cousion 丧偶 姐夫/妹夫/嫂子/弟媳 金丝雀 3A.1 Possessives il suo, la sua, i suoi, le sue 可以表示 his or her. o il suo gatto his/her cat o le sue zie his/her aunts o i suoi figli his/her children • singular, unmodified family member,不用加 definite article o mio padre my father o vostra nonna your grandmother o nostra figlia our daughter • plural or modified family member, or has a suffix( -­‐astro/a, igno/a, ino/a) or mamma and papà o il mio suocero simpatico my nice father-­‐in-­‐law o la tua sorellina your little sister o la vostra mamma v loro always accompanied by the definite article, and never changes form. o i loro cugini their cousins o la loro zia their aunt o le loro sorelle their sisters • use an indefinite article bedore the possessive to express of mine, of yours, of his/hers, etc. o un mio gatto a cat of mine o una sua zia an aunt of her/his o una nostra cugini a cousin of ours • di + [nouns or proper name] to express relationshio or ownership o Di chi è il cane? whose dog is it? o è di mia madre. it’s my mother’s o è di stefano. it’s stefano’s • 3A.2 Preposizioni semplici e articolate. 详情看书和 handout a casa at home in autobus by bus al cinema at/to the movies in bicicletta by bicycle al mare at/to the beach/sea in macchina by car a mezzanotte at midnight in treno by train a piedi on foot in banca at/to the bank a scuola at/to school in biblioteca at/to the library a tavola at the table in centro in town a letto in/to bed in montagna in/to the mountains a teatro at/to the theater in vacanza on vacation 3A.3 –ire verbs 常规变形 Partire (to leave) aprire to open seguire to follow,to take dormire to sleep sentire to feel to hear offrire to offer servire to serve • partire is often used with ‘per’ and ‘da’ o Mio padre parte per Milano alle due. o Noi partiamo da Firenze a mezzogiorno • Luca apre la finestra • Dormiamo bene a casa • La nonno offre i biscotti ai bambini. • Sento il tuo telefonino • Seguite un corso di storia_ • il gatto segue il topolino • Viola apre la porta della pensione. • Lorenzo segue un corso di economia. 特殊变形 (理解,完成,偏爱,打扫,送) Capire (to understand) finire to finish pulire to clean preferire to prefer spedire to send • • • • • Chi pulisce la cucina? (who clean the kitchen?) Spediamo una lettera a luca. Finire + di + infinitive o Finisce di studiare a mezzanotte. o Non finisco mai di lavorare ! o Mio zio finisce il caffè. Finire + per +infinitive mean to end up doing something. o Finiscono per leggere due saggi. Preferire can be used with a noun or an infinitive. but without a preposition. o Preferiamo la casa verde. o Io preferisco andare a piedi. ...
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