11 - LITERATURE REVIEW Competency Based Curriculum...

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LITERATURE REVIEW Competency Based Curriculum ‘Competency’ is the ability to choose and use cohesive or integrated combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes with the aim to realize a task in a certain context (Kouwenhoven, 2003). Competency-based curriculum therefore a system of curriculum derived from an analysis of a potential or actual role in modern society and that tries to certify student progress on the basis of validated or demonstrated performance in some or all aspects of that role (Edwards et.al, 2009). It abridges academic and professional profiles, describes new objectives in the learning process, improves learning environments and changes the concept of learning as accretion or accumulation of knowledge to education as a permanent attitude towards knowledge acquisition (Edward et. al, 2009). Conceptualization of Competency Based Curriculum The efficacy and efficiency of any educational programme is mainly reliant on on the philosophy of the curriculum plan or design followed (Sudsomboon, 2007). (Choudaha, 2008) The most significant impact on school curriculum since the 1960s has been the demand for assessed results that would certify the competency and proficiency of graduates. A way to conceptualize the relation between education and the world of work is appropriate competence- based curriculum (Kouwenhoven, 2003). If precise competencies are not intensive in the curriculum design philosophy, the products of the education might not be “work-ready” and so not readily accepted by the industry. Consequently, to decrease the unemployment and ‘under employment’ levels, it becomes essential to consider ‘occupation-precise competencies’ in the curriculum designs (Sudsomboon, 2007).
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To develop competency based curriculum in education system, fortitude or determination of competencies for each discipline as well as successive development of means of measurement and performance assessment is a necessity. Competency models developed for exact discipline
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  • Spring '14
  • LinKnutson
  • Literature, The Land, competency based curriculum, competency-based curriculum

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