Chapter 23 #3 Islam (Turkey and Iran)

Chapter 23 #3 Islam (Turkey and Iran) - Experiments with...

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A P W O R L D H I S T O RY C H A P T E R 2 3 “ I N D E P E N D E N C E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T I N T H E G L O BA L S O U T H ” A D A P T E D FR O M M S. C O N A Experiments with Culture: The Role of Islam in Turkey and Iran
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Experiments with Culture Common issue all across the developing world = how to balance older traditions with modernity and Western culture/outlooks Older traditions: Hinduism, Confucianism, Islam, etc. Western outlooks: scientific outlook, technology, capitalism, focus on material values, etc. Good examples of two very different approaches to this issue = Islam in Turkey vs. Islam in Iran
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Islam in Turkey Turkey = new nation created out of the remnants of the Ottoman Empire 1 st leader = General Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Wanted to transform Turkey into a modern, secular (non- religious) state Believed modernization required the removal of Islam from public life, leaving it only to the personal/private realm Result = he ended the direct political role of Islam in Turkey
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Atatürk: Political and Religious Reforms Eliminated position of sultan Abolished the “caliphate” system Closed many Sufi organizations, sacred tombs, and religious schools Abolished many religious titles
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