Chapter 23 #3 Islam (Turkey and Iran)

Chapter 23 #3 Islam (Turkey and Iran) - Experiments with...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A P W O R L D H I S T O RY C H A P T E R 2 3 “ I N D E P E N D E N C E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T I N T H E G L O BA L S O U T H ” A D A P T E D FR O M M S. C O N A Experiments with Culture: The Role of Islam in Turkey and Iran
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Experiments with Culture Common issue all across the developing world = how to balance older traditions with modernity and Western culture/outlooks Older traditions: Hinduism, Confucianism, Islam, etc. Western outlooks: scientific outlook, technology, capitalism, focus on material values, etc. Good examples of two very different approaches to this issue = Islam in Turkey vs. Islam in Iran
Image of page 2
Islam in Turkey Turkey = new nation created out of the remnants of the Ottoman Empire 1 st leader = General Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Wanted to transform Turkey into a modern, secular (non- religious) state Believed modernization required the removal of Islam from public life, leaving it only to the personal/private realm Result = he ended the direct political role of Islam in Turkey
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Atatürk: Political and Religious Reforms Eliminated position of sultan Abolished the “caliphate” system Closed many Sufi organizations, sacred tombs, and religious schools Abolished many religious titles
Image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern