political_systems_in_the_global_south

political_systems_in_the_global_south - Experiments in...

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A P W O R L D H I S T O RY C H A P T E R 2 3 “ I N D E P E N D E N C E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T I N T H E G L O BA L S O U T H ” Experiments in Political Order: Comparing African Nations and India
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Experiments in Political Order Efforts to create political order across the developing world had to battle many conditions: Exploding populations High (and unrealistic) expectations following independence Lack of available resources to meet these expectations Diverse populations that had little loyalty to the new central state Large areas with widespread poverty and weak private economies
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Experiments in Political Order Wide range of political systems were established throughout the developing world: Communist regimes Multi-party democracies One-party democracies Military regimes Personal dictatorships and tyrannies
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India’s Political Evolution In India = Western- style democracy practiced continuously since independence Regular elections Peaceful changes in government Multiple political parties Civil rights and liberties A woman voting in the 2008 state election in India
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India’s Political Evolution: Why Democracy Worked Struggle for independence in India was much longer than struggles in Africa = gave Indian leaders time to figure out how they wanted to structure the new state The British gradually gave power over to the Indians = over several decades prior to independence in 1947 Many Indians possessed administrative and technical skills as a result Nationalist movement in India = within one political party (Congress Party) Committed to democracy
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Rejection of Democracy in Africa: Why?
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