SCI201_U4_IP_Worksheet_1502A

SCI201_U4_IP_Worksheet_1502A - Name Jen Bazzell Course...

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Name: Jen Bazzell Course Number: SCI201-1601A-03 Instructor’s Name: Dr. Shelli Carter Due Date: 02/01/2016 SCI201 Unit 4 Individual Project For this assignment, complete all of the sections on this worksheet, and submit it to the Submitted Assignments area of the classroom. Waste Management in the United States What is municipal solid waste? According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), “Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)—more commonly known as trash or garbage—consists of everyday items we use and then throw away, such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint, and batteries. This comes from our homes, schools, hospitals and businesses.” In short, MSW is garbage that is thrown out on a daily basis, items we do not re-use on an individual level. The ways in which solid waste is dealt with has changed drastically over time. Prior to industrialization, waste products were actually just thrown into the street and left to rot, this included not only solid waste, but human waste as well. When populations were spread out this was not a huge issue, but when urban populations started to boom, the garbage became a threat. The larger amounts of trash thrown out caused many problems for the overall health of the population as it created rat and insect infestations which spread disease. The buildup of refuse also led to water contamination. “The plagues that affected Europe from the 14 th to the 16 th centuries were often spread by the vermin that thrived in unsanitary urban
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conditions prevalent at that time. Some of the greatest plagues to curse humanity resulted from these unsanitary living conditions. Early waste management techniques developed during this period as a way to prevent the spread of disease.”(beginwiththebin.org,2015).
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