History 1302 Exam 1 Notes

History 1302 Exam 1 - 1 The Transmississippi West A Definition and Image 1 Known as the great American desert Oklahoma Nebraska Kansas and Central

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1. The Transmississippi West. A. Definition and Image. 1. Known as the great American desert. Oklahoma, Nebraska, Kansas, and Central Texas. 2. People were seeing photos and images of different things. B. Stages of Settlement. 1. Traders, Trappers, and Hunters. a. Lewis and Clark Expedition. b. Many people began trade with the Indians predominately in the 1820’s and 1830’s. 2. Ranching or Cattle. a. Mainly in Texas. South and West Texas. 1850’s until the 1870’s. 3. Pioneer Farmers. a. Lived in sod houses. b. Homestead Act: Stake out claim and live there for 5 years and it’s yours. 160 acres. c. Risky for many. Moisture and water. d. Talking about 1850’s to 1880’s. 4. Equipped Farmer. a. Mule and plow. b. 1890. Drilling wells and windmills become affordable. 5. Urban Frontier. a. Small towns. 6. Mining frontier. a. Depends on the discovery of valuable material. C. Conflict of Cultures/ Interests.
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1. Black Hills, SD and Little Big Horn. a. Sioux occupied these areas in 1870. b. 1867. Congress takes all Native American Indians n gets them to move to reservations. Each tribe signed a treaty. c. Congress gave these areas to the Sioux in 1870’s. d. Gold was found in these areas soon after treaty. The United States decided to take the land from the Sioux. Known as Custer’s Last stand and the Battle of Little Big Horn. 2. Removal of the Nez Perces Chief Joseph. a. U.S. Army chased the Nez Perces over 1000 miles and finally caught up with them. Chief Joseph made deal so people wouldn’t get hurt. 3. “Ghost Dances” Wounded Knee, SD. a. Army fired upon 130 Indians that were coming to surrender. 4. Governmental Policies. a. Virtual Genocide. 1. Took land whenever U.S. wanted it. b. Assimilation. 1. Congress passes Dawes Act in 1877. c. Cultural Pluralism. 1. Collier Act. 5. Demise of Plains Indians due to the buffalo disappearing. D. Life and Myth of the Cowboy. 1. Open Range Ranching. a. Spanish brought Longhorns to Texas. b. James McCoy contacted Railroad Company. Wanted to work deal with cow transport for a cheap transport. Ranchers in 1867 used the chism trail from Texas to Abilene, Kansas. Over 1 million cattle in three years.
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2. Economics and Expansion. a. Cattle industry was expanding greatly. People from everywhere began investing in this. b. 1885 very dry and cold. Herds were wiped out by the thousands. 3. Creation of the Myth. a. Storyteller from NY. This man Ned Buttline created the image of Buffalo Bill Cody. b. Cody then traveled all over the country and Europe doing a show and attracting massive crowds. c. First novel by Lloyd Wister. The Virginian . 4. Folk hero in art, literature, and music. E. Farming on the Great Plains. 1. Problems of arid farming. a. Much work was necessary and very different farming techniques.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HIST 1302 taught by Professor Daniels during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas-Tyler.

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History 1302 Exam 1 - 1 The Transmississippi West A Definition and Image 1 Known as the great American desert Oklahoma Nebraska Kansas and Central

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