Erikson's Stages of Development Chart

Erikson's Stages of Development Chart - Age Crisis Virtue...

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Age Crisis Virtue Description Freud Stage 1 0­1 Trust vs Mistrust Hope At this stage babies learn to trust that their parents will meet their basic needs. If a child's basic needs aren't properly met at this age, he or she might grow up with a general mistrust of the world. Oral Stage 2 2­3 Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt Will As toddlers, children begin to develop independence and start to learn that they can do some things on their own (such as going to the toilet). If a child is not encouraged properly at this age, he or she might develop shame and doubt about their abilities. Anal Stage 3 4­6 Initiative vs Guilt Purpose As preschoolers, children continue to develop more independence and start to do things of their own initiative. If a child is not able to take initiative and succeed at appropriate tasks, he or she might develop guilt over their needs and desires. Phallic Stage 4 7­12 Industry vs Inferiority Competence Throughout their school years, children continue to develop self­ confidence through learning new things. If they are not encouraged and
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