Copy of psych7103 Final Contrributions of Early Psychologists_chart

Copy of psych7103 Final Contrributions of Early Psychologists_chart

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. Key figures Key Theory Scientific approaches/ Testing and measurement Weber, Ernst Heinrich (June 24, 1795 – January 26, 1878). Heimholtz, Herrmann (August 31, 1821- September 8, 1894) Wundt, Wilheim ( August 16, 1832 – August 31, 1920) Heinrich, was a German physician. who was one of two primary research scientists that pioneered the field of experimental psychology.His book The Sense of Touch described the two-point threshold technique to map sensitivity of the human body. His research helped map sensitivity and touch acuity on the body using compass technique. Weber also wrote about and tested other ideas on sensation including a terminal threshold, which is the highest intensity an individual could sense before the sensation could not be detected any longer. Points of a compass would be set at varying distances in order to see at what distance are the points of the compass perceived as two separate points instead of one single point ( King, Viney & Woody, 2014). Weber's law has threefold importance. First, he subjected mental events to mathematical formulation and measurement. Second, he showed that there wasn't a one-to-one relationship between psychological interpretations of events in the physical world. Third, he showed that mental and physical events could be related mathematically. (Goodwin, 2008). Fechner, Gustav Theodor (April 19, 1801 – November 18, 1887). He, along with his predecessor Ernst Weber, is recognized as one of the scientists that pioneered the field of experimental psychology and founder of psychophysics. Fechner was a German philosopher, physicist and experimental psychologist. An early pioneer in experimental psychology and founder of psychophysics. Fechner's methods included the Method of Limits; The Method of Constant Stimuli; and, The Method of Average Error ( King, Viney, & Woody, 2014).
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