Chapter 5 & 6 Vocab - Chapter 5 Colonial Society on the...

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Chapter 5: Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution, 1700 - 1775 I. Identify and state the historical significance of the following: 1. Jonathan Edwards – Jonathan Edwards was a clergyman whose sermons led to the revival of religion; it is known as the Great Awakening. His most famous sermon is called “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.” 2. Benjamin Franklin – Franklin owned a publishing company in Philadelphia. Additionally, he was an inventor; he invented bifocal glasses, the stove and lightning rod. He also conducted experiments with electricity. Franklin was also into politics; he signed the Declaration of Independence and Constitution. 3. George Whitefield – Whitefield is a preacher. In the colonies, many loved to hear him preach his sermons about forgiveness and love, an uncommon style of preaching. Therefore, his sermons helped convert Native Americans and Africans to Christianity, decreasing the importance of the clergy. 4. John Peter Zenger – Zenger was a journalist who was really curious about the governor’s policies in New York City in the 1700s. Eventually, he was jailed and he sued for freedom of speech and press; however, he was found not guilty. 5. John Trumbell – He was an American poet who was known for his satirical works. One of his most notable achievements is The Progress of Dulness. Tehre are many colleges and towns named after him. 6. Charles Wilson Peale – He is a painter, scientist, politician and soldier for America. He is known for his portraits of the American Revolution and creating one of the first museums. 7. Benjamin West – He was an artist known for creating painting about the American Revolution. Additionally, Benjamin West was the second president of the Royal Academy in London. II. Describe and state the historical significance of the following: 8. Paxton Boys – This was a group of Scots-Irish men who lived in the Appalachian Mountains. These men wanted to protect the colonists from the Native American attacks. Therefore, they led a march in Philadelphia in 1764. This action led to the Regulator Movement. This group did not like how the Quakers had friendly
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