Chapter 3 & 4 Vocab - Anjali Maheshwari Chapter 3...

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Anjali Maheshwari Chapter 3: Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619 - 1700 I. Identify and state the historical significance of the following: 1. Anne Hutchinson – Originally Anne Marbury, Anne Hutchinson was a Puritan religious leader and part of the Antinomian Controversy. Later, she married John Cotton to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1634 and spread his theology. Eventually, she was banished by the General Court of Massachusetts and excommunicated by the Church of Boston. 2. Roger Williams – He was an English colonist who criticized Puritanism (advocate for religious freedom and separation of church and state), expelling him from Massachusetts. Eventually, he founded Providence in 1636 and received a royal charter for Rhode Island in 1663. 3. William Bradford – (1590-1657) He was a Pilgrim settler and the second government of the Plymouth Colony; (1663-1752) He was an English printer who created the first American prayer book and the first newspaper in New York City. 4. Thomas Hooker – He was a Puritan leader in the Connecticut colony. He is also known as “the Father of Connecticut.” He cited evidence from the “Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,” which was a written constitution that established a representative government for a democracy. 5. William Penn – He is known for founding the colony of Pennsylvania. Eventually, he became a Quaker, a religious group that was persecuted in England. Penn was also known for being extremely friendly with Native Americans. 6. John Winthrop – He was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which was one of the largest colonies. He was also a figurehead to Puritans in New England. 7. King Philip (Metacom) – He led one of the most costly wars of resistance in New England history. This war is usually called King Philip’s War. He managed to keep peace with the English colonizers of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. 8. John Cotton – He was the figurehead for Puritan divines in Massachusetts. After extensive learning at Trinity College, and Emmanuel College, he had a reputation as a scholar and preacher. 9. Sir Edmund Andros – He was an English military man associated with the Church of England that laid restrictions on the courts, press and schools. He also revoked all land titles. When the colonists rebelled, he tried to escape by wearing women clothing 10. William & Mary – They were King and Queen of England in 1688 after the Glorious Revolution, the end of James II’s reign. They were Protestant so the Puritans were happy because only Protestants could hold office.
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11. Myles Standish – He was a soldier on the Mayflower who became an important fighter and negotiator with the Native Americans. He is also known as the captain of the Mayflower.
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