psycho theorists - HISTORY AND THEORY 1 History and Theory...

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HISTORY AND THEORY 1 History and Theory Mary Beth Kochie PSY/645 February 20, 2016 Kelly Trutter, Instructor
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HISTORY AND THEORY 2 Psychodynamic Theorist Psychodynamic theorists are very influential psychology in the past, in the present and will continue to be in the future. Sigmund Freud and Eric Erikson are two of the most studied psychodynamic theorists. This paper will look at the works of Sigmund Freud and Eric Erikson, as well as two other either psychoanalytic or new-psychoanalytic theorists. The paper will discuss why Freud’s work was considered so influential. Next, the paper will look at how other analysts which followed Freund then dissented from his viewpoint. Following, the paper will discuss what links theorists in the psychoanalytical theory group. Last, the author will discuss three or more psychoanalytic concepts that are still relevant in today’s culture. The relevance and an example of each will be provided. Discussion of Freud, Erikson and two other theorists Sigmund Freud was born in what is now the Czech Republic in 1856 and lived until 1939. He grew up in the city of Vienna. He was greatly influenced by a professor of physiology Ernst Brucke who was part of the intellectual movement known as mechanism. This explained that people could be seen in terms of their basic physical and chemical components or mechanisms. Freud obtained his medical degree and worked in Neurology. He worked with research involving adult and fetal brains and concluded that these early structures continue to occur throughout life (Cervone, 2010). Erik Erikson was a follower of Freud who tried to understand later-life development stages. He believed that development was not only psychosexual but also was psychosocial. The stages of development involved social concerns. Erikson created eight psychosocial stages of development and their implications on personality. These were similar to those of Freud but continued on throughout the life cycle (Cervone, 2010).
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HISTORY AND THEORY 3 Alfred Adler was a follower of Freud who broke from his school and developed his own.
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