Hien Nguyen -Week 4 Assignment Due Sunday February 28

Hien Nguyen -Week 4 Assignment Due Sunday February 28 -...

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Hien Nguyen FCS 70 Week 4 Assignment Due Sunday February 28, 2016 4.1 Describe the three stages of childbirth, the baby’s adaptation to labor and delivery, and the newborn baby’s appearance. - In the first stage of childbirth, dilation and effacement of the cervix occur as uterine contractions increase in strength and frequency. This stage culminates in transition, a brief period in which contractions are at their peak and the cervix opens completely. In the second stage the mother feels an urge to bear down with her abdominal muscles and the baby is born. In the final stage the placenta is delivered. - During labor, the force of the contractions causes infants to produce high levels of stress hormones, which help them withstand oxygen deprivation, clear the lungs for breathing, and arouse them into alertness at birth. - Newborn infants have large heads, small bodies, and facial features that make adults feel like picking them up and cuddling them. The Apgar Scale is used to assess the baby's physical condition at birth. 4.2 Describe natural childbirth and home delivery, noting benefits and concerns associated with each. - In natural, or prepared, childbirth, the expectant mother and a companion typically attend classes where they learn about labor and delivery, master relaxation and breathing techniques to counteract pain, and prepare for coaching during childbirth. Natural childbirth reduces pain and use of medications and fosters more positive maternal attitudes toward the birth experience. Social support, a vital part of natural childbirth, reduces the length of labor and the incidence of birth complications. - Home birth is relatively rare in the United States but is more common in some other industrialized nations. It is safe for mothers who are healthy and are assisted by a well-trained doctor or midwife, but mothers at risk for any kind of complication are safer giving birth in the hospital. 1
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Hien Nguyen FCS 70 4.3 List common medical interventions during childbirth, circumstances that justify their use, and any dangers associated with each. - Fetal monitors help save the lives of many babies whose mothers have a history of pregnancy and birth complications. However, they may identify infants as in danger who, in fact, are not, and are linked to an increase in cesarean deliveries.
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