Hien Nguyen -Week 10 Assignment Due Sunday April 10

Hien Nguyen -Week 10 Assignment Due Sunday April 10 - Hien...

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Hien Nguyen FCS 70 Assignment of chapter 10 & due 10th April 10.1 What personality changes take place during Erikson’s stage of initiative versus guilt? Preschoolers develop a new sense of purposefulness as they grapple with Erikson’s psychological conflict of initiative versus guilt. A healthy sense of initiative depends on exploring the social world and trying new skills through play and experiencing supportive child rearing that fosters a secure (but not overly strict) conscience 10.2 Describe the development of self-concept and self-esteem in early childhood. - As preschoolers think more intently about themselves, they construct a self-concept that consists largely of observable characteristics and typical emotions and attitudes. Older preschoolers also have an emerging grasp of their own personalities. - Securely attached preschoolers have a more positive, coherent self-concept. More elaborative parent–child conversations about past events contribute to a clearer self-image, and conversations about internal states facilitate self-knowledge. - Preschoolers’ self-esteem consists of several self-judgments. Their high self-esteem contributes to a mastery-oriented approach to the environment. 10.3 Identify changes in understanding and expressing emotion during early childhood, citing factors that influence those changes. (pp. 361–365) - Preschoolers have an impressive understanding of the causes, consequences, and behavioral signs of basic emotions, which is supported by cognitive development, secure attachment, and conversations about feelings. By age 3 to 4, children are aware of various strategies for emotional self-regulation. Temperament, parental modeling, and parental communication about coping strategies influence preschoolers’ capacity to handle negative emotion. - As their self-concepts become better developed, preschoolers experience self-conscious emotions, such as pride, shame, and guilt, more often. However, they depend on parental feedback to know when to feel these emotions. - Empathy also becomes more common in early childhood. The extent to which empathy leads to sympathy and results in prosocial, or altruistic, behavior depends on temperament and parenting.
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