2 California - California A Introduction A Introduction...

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1 A) Introduction B) People C) Economy & Tourism 1 California A) Introduction Major Cities: San Diego Los Angeles Santa Barbara San Francisco Sacramento 2 California 3 Tourist Attractions? 4 California B) People Climate – responsible for the high population density 5 California B) People 1. Native Americans California Indian Wars (1850–1880) California State Militia 6
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2 California B) People 1. Native Americans Act for the Government and Protection of Indians , [April 22,] 1850 Allowed white settlers to continue the Californio practice of raiding villages young women and children were carried off to be sold as forced laborers Most of the men and elderly were killed 7 California B) People 1. Native Americans Ishi (c. 1861 –1916) was the last member of the Yahi nation. Called the "last wild Indian" in America. •Studied by anthropologist Alfred Kroeber, Univ. of California-Berkeley •Theodora Kroeber’s book Ishi in Two Worlds 8 B) People 2. European Immigrants - Spanish Part of New Spain String of Spanish missions established in 1700s Santa Clara 9 Spanish/Mexican Ranchos Cattle for meat, hides & tallow Sheep for meat & wool 10 • Mexican-American war ended in Mexican-American War 1846-1848 B) 3. California statehood 11 Great 1848 Gold Rush in foothills of Sierra Nevada B) 3. California statehood in 1850 12
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3 B) 3. California statehood • #1 Mexican-American War (1846-1848): Americans won • #2 influx of [>300,000] Anglo-Americans for the Gold Rush (1848-1855): forty- niners • Results in California becoming a state in 1850 13 B) People 4. Recent Population Trends California is the most populous state in the U.S. [38.8 million in 2015, NY state 19.7 million] > ½ of Californians were born outside of this state [1 in 9 Americans live in CA] 14 B) 4. Recent Population Trends CA: major destination for U.S. internal migration every decade from 1850 to 1990 15 B) 4. Recent Population Trends •Since 1990, less internal (domestic) migration •gap filled by foreigners 16 • CA attracts more immigrants from other countries than any other state within the U.S. •[1 in 4 immigrants to CA are from other countries; 3 in 4 from within the U.S.] B) 4. Recent Population Trends [Current Governor Jerry Brown (D), since Jan. 3, 2011] Former Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) from Austria (2003-2011) 17 • 2.8 million Canadian citizens live abroad, >1 million of which live in southern California B) 4. Recent Population Trends ansabroad.com/ 18
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4 B) People 5. Ethnicity a) Hispanic Largest minority group in CA 19 •Hispanic/Latino: some descendants of the colonial Spanish, but most originally from Mexico (legal + illegal) •38% of state’s population •Highest concentration in Los Angeles county [~45% of the population of this county is Hispanic/Latino] B) People 5. Ethnicity a) Hispanic/Latino
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