5 Canada PART 1 - Canada Background McKnight(2010 10...

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1 McKnight (2010) Canada: Background 1 10 provinces 3 territories 2 3 When you think of Canada, you think of…? 4 When you think of Canada, you think of…? 5 6
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2 7 Stereotypical images of Canada Canadian Homeland Security 8 beaver maple leaf 9 10 Toonie Loonie 11 Eh! • "it's nice here, eh?" 1999 12
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3 13 14 Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) 15 16 17 18
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4 19 [2005: Civil Marriage Act] 20 Wayne Gretzky 21 Vancouver, British Columbia 22 Quebec: Montreal, Quebec City 23 Toronto, Ontario 24
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5 Windsor, Ontario 25 Canada: Background A) European Contact → British North America → early Canada B) First Nations/Aboriginals C) Later Immigrants → “Mosaic” D) Confederation & Canadian Flags E) Canadian Government & Politics F) Crown Corporations & Health Care G) Canadian-American Relations H) Canadian Culture (eh?) 26 1. European contact Canada most likely comes from an Iroquoian word kanata , meaning "village" or "settlement" A) European Contact → British North America early Canada 27 a) John Cabot * Backed by British [(King Henry VII)]: 1497 landed in Newfoundland English, Irish, Scottish immigrants 1. European contact Newfoundland 28 Newfoundland’s Grand Banks: was the most productive fishing grounds in the world Cod and halibut 29 [Terra Nova (New World): 1507] 30
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6 b) Nouvelle-France: New France Jacques Cartier : explored the Saint Lawrence River in 1534 1. European contact 31 Fur trade: Voyageurs [Canoe Manned by Voyageurs Passing a Waterfall Frances Anne Hopkins, artist, 1869 (National Archives of Canada) ] 1. European contact b) Nouvelle-France 32 b) Nouvelle-France = New France • From 1534 until the cession of New France to Britain in 1763 • [End of Seven Years’ War/ French and Indian War at the Treaty of Paris] 1. European contact 33 Acadia → Nova Scotia [1604: Acadia] [Acadians expelled by British, move to Louisiana – become Cajuns] Afterwards, Acadia becomes Nova Scotia ( New Scotland ) Many French moved to what is now New Brunswick & Quebec 1. European contact b) Nouvelle-France 34 1. European contact b) Nouvelle-France 35 1. European contact c) British North America (1763 – 1867) 36
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7 2. Fur Trade First Nations Europeans * English * Scottish * French A) European Contact → British North America early Canada 37 beaver A) 2. Fur Trade 38 beaver pelts → top hats A) 2. Fur Trade 39 Fur Trading Companies Trading Forts [Lake Winnipeg fort] A) 2. Fur Trade 40 Alberta, 1890s 41 Rivals: Hudson’s Bay Company NorthWest Co. : HQs in Montreal (1779-1821) A) 2. Fur Trade 42
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8 Hudson’s Bay Company Rupert's Land (1670 to 1870 ) HQs: York Factory 1857 A) 2. Fur Trade 43 Hudson’s Bay Company
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