FinalDraft - Comp1 Final Paper The Human and Environmental...

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Comp1 Final Paper 05/27/2014 The Human and Environmental Effect of Nuclear Disaster. E= mc 2 . For this formula in the theory of relativity written by Mr. Albert Einstein formed the basis for the evolution of nuclear energy. Energy is created by splitting atoms of particular elements. It was first developed sometime in the 1940’s for military purposes during the Second World War Later in the 1950’s though the focus had changed to more peaceful purposes. According to the website world-nuclear.org/info. Today there are over 430 commercial nuclear power reactors operating in 31 countries, with over 370,000 Mega Watts of Electricity (MWe) of total capacity. They provide over 11% of the world's electricity as continuous, reliable base-load power, without carbon dioxide emissions. A further 180 nuclear reactors power some 150 ships and submarines. This essay intends to bring to the forefront the reality of using such an energy source in terms of the benefits and dangers involved in handling various scenarios. Proponents for nuclear energy are always quick to mention that there are zero carbon emissions from the production of this energy. Here are some quick pros and cons from S. Smith, M. Clark, T. Fairbanks, T. Prinzi, K. Delgado, Prof. Jill Johnson (Jamestown Community College). Pros include 1.The technology needed for Nuclear Power plants is readily available, and can be made in almost any space. 2. Once constructed, the power plant has low operation costs. A single plant has the ability to generate a vast amount of electrical energy, meeting industrial and city needs.3.The existing and
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future nuclear waste can be diminished through waste recycling, as well as waste reprocessing (breeder reactors). 4. Nuclear Energy provides a constant source of energy, running 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, without disruption or limitations depending on the weather.5. Since 1990 Nuclear Power has accounted for about 20% of America’s energy.6. Of all the nuclear meltdowns and disasters not one has been caused by system failure but rather through human negligence/error or natural disaster.
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