Ts111 1.27.16 - 2TS111 1.27.16 Textiles comprised of five...

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2TS111 1.27.16 Textiles comprised of five major segments Fibers Yarns Fabric Dyeing/Printing Finishing Fiber Small thickness relative to its thickness Fall into two classifications Natural Fibers and Synthetic Fibers Natural= occurs in nature- Staple form= finite length (silk is exception) Plants (cellulosic)(cotton and flax), Animal (protein)(wool and silk) and Mineral Fibers Synthetic= does not occur in nature, man made- filament= long length (silk) Can be engineered for specific end uses Most synthetic fibers are derived from petroleum Which is better? Depends what the end use is. Hallow filled- good for insulating for the winter. Silk is a hallow filled fiber Imitate natural fiber cut filaments into shorter length Yarns Continuous twisted thread of fibers, Very fine Spun Yarn- Short fibers are twisted together to make rope like device Filament Yarn- not much twist bc filaments are very long and natural attraction (stick together)
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