Lewis Book Review - POL201 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL...

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POL201 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE NAME_Madison Wescott DR. CECILIA G. MANRIQUE As part of the book review assignment please answer the following questions based on the Bernard Lewis book “The Crisis of Islam.” a. Discuss some of the similarities and differences between Islam and Christianity Some similarities between Islam and Christianity are that they “both share the heritage of Jewish revelation and prophecy and Greek philosophy and science, and both nourished by the immemorial traditions of Middle Eastern antiquity” (5). This basically means that their religion comes from the same basis of philosophy and from the same people (Greek/Jewish). There are also some differences between Islam and Christianity. The main differences are in dogma and worship. The difference that is the most significant would be how these religions relate to their government, their religion, and their society. There is a major separation between church and state with Christianity, and there is no separation with Islam. b. What is a theocracy? Is Islam a theocracy? Justify your answer. Theocracy is a form of government in which a priest rules the government, and states that he is ruling in place of God. Islam is absolutely a theocracy. This is true because Islam bases its laws after religion. Religion is what keeps people in line, and if one does not follow what the Qur’an states, they are punished accordingly. Sharia is what they all the ‘laws’ of Islam which are based off of the Qur’an. c. Islam professes to be able to wage war against four types of enemies? What are they? Describe each one thoroughly. Islam professes that they are able to wage war against Infidels, Apostates, Rebels, Bandits. The first two, infidels and apostates, are the two that are looked at as a ‘religious obligation’. Infidels are those that do not practice the Muslim way of life. The Jihad states that it is the duty of Muslims to transform the rest of the world into an Islamic state who practice the Muslim way of life. An apostate is someone who has once followed a certain religion, but has since then stopped practicing that religion. A rebel is someone who oversteps the boundaries that are clearly laid out in the Islam way of life and someone who rebels against God. A bandit is someone who terrorizes people in any way, but mostly through brute force. d. What is the Islamic view on suicide bombers? The Islam view of suicide is that “it is a major sin and is punished by eternal damnation in the form of the endless repetition of the act by which the suicide killed himself” (153). This is stating that the suicide bomber will be sent to hell, then killed over and over again by however he chose to kill himself (which in this case would be by bombing himself). This is considered to be a sin because they are crimes against humanity and crimes against the people and because of this, cannot be forgiven by God.
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