School-Aged Children - Semantics continue increase in...

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Semantics: continue increase in vocab (expressive and receptive) Pragmatics: huge increase in language use and flexibility Increasingly intertwined relationship between socialization and language flexibility Increased ability to take the communication partner’s point of view (nonegocentrism) Decentration: moving from 1-dimensional definitions of events/objects to multi-dimensional, multi- perspective definitions (EX: "I wish someone we knew would die so we could leave them flowers." -- 6 year old girl, upon seeing flowers in a cemetery. ) Examples: regular convos, school-yard talk: rhymes, games and taunts, cliques and terminology capable of talking about fact-based procedures, require organization, memory and linguistic skills Types of Narratives: Recounts : A child’s recollection of past events, which are usually shared by the listener Accounts : A child’s spontaneous narrative, in which the events are usually new to the listener Eventcasts: A child’s description of ongoing or anticipated events Stories: Fictional tales Elements of Narrative: development of internal structure, linears linkage (events in narrative are told in chronological order), causal connections (intentions, emotions, thoughts, connectors) Causality: Plans : Series of actions meant to accomplish something specific Script: Dialogs that accompany routines Inclusion of mental states and motivesMoves towards climax of narrative Story Grammar : more complex narratives and stories, story grammar reflects predictable, rule- governed elements setting: introduces characters, place of story, time of story, etc (ex. Once upon a time), initiating event of problem : the event that causes the story to begin (ex. An evil witch had put a spell on her ) Internal response : main characters reaction to the IE. Often linked with motivation (ex. This filled the queen with deep sadness, and made her wish..) Internal Plan : characters strategy to reach their goal (ex. She realized that is she could find an antidote in the woods…) Attempt : characters actions, made in an effort to reach goals (ex. Queen set out to the
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