KEY Assignment 11 12 - Assignment#11 12 ANSWER KEY Use the...

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Assignment #11 12 ANSWER KEY Use the assigned readings in your texts and your lecture notes to address the following topics: Define the following terms: Olduwan Complex: 2.5 mya, the stone tool culture associated with Homo habilis and, possibly, Australopithecus garhi , including primitive chopper tools (cores, flakes, and hammerstones). Used for hunting, confrontational scavenging, and passive scavenging. Acheulean Complex 1.5 mya 250 kya, the culture associated with Homo erectus, including handaxes and other types of stone tools; more refined than the earlier Oldowan tools. Unchanged technology for 1.2 million years, found in Africa, Europe, and the Near East. Handaxe The most dominant tool in the Acheulean complex, bifacial symmetrically worked pear-shaped stone tool characterized by a sharp edge for both cutting and scraping. Mousterian Tools: the stone tool culture in which Neandertals produced tools using the Levallois technique; dominated by flakes and occurs as a multistep process. Levallois Technique: a distinctive method of stone tool production used during the Middle Paleolithic, in which the core was prepared and flakes removed from the surface before the final tool was detached from the core. Dolni Vestonice: figurine of a face displaying similar facial anomalies to a skull found at site from the Czech republic dating to about 26,000-35,000bp; possibly earliest known portrait Upper Paleolithic: Refers to the most recent part of the Old Stone Age, associated with early modern Homo Sapiens and characterized by microblades and composite tools and other types of tools with various functions worked from bone and antler Answer the following questions:
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1. Briefly define the anatomical features of the following groups of fossil hominids: Name of Group Dental Feature (name 1) Cranial Features (Name 2) Postcranial Features (Name 1) Gracile Australopithecines 1.thick enamel 1. chimp size brain 2. High level
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