History Essay for Exam1

History Essay for Exam1 - The six periods of Egyptian...

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The six periods of Egyptian history goes as follows: The archaic period, the old kingdom, first intromediate period, the middle kingdom, second intromediate period, and the new kingdom. The archaic period lasted from roughly 3100 BC – 2770 BC and the Nile River was unified under one ruler. The pharaoh was the complete ruler over the people. The main staple from this time period was hieroglyphics (around 3100 BC). They were pictographs and consisted of symbols, for sounds. The letters became the foundation for the first alphabet, Phoenicians. The Old Kingdom period lasted from roughly 2770 BC – 2200 BC. This period was filled with absolute monarchy, all of the power went to the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh is divine and would usually marry his sister to keep royal blood in the family; which caused major problems due to incest. They worshiped the Son of Re (Sun God). They did not have a standing army; due to natural defenses: the desert and Nile River.
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