LP Exam 1 Study Guide - Study Guide for Learning Processes...

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Study Guide for Learning Processes Exam 1 What is Learning ? It is a systematic change in behavior that is due to experience biological process- facilitates survival by making organisms more able to adapt to the environment can be acquisition of new behavior or loss of previously performed response must show that a trend is happening whether it is an increase or decrease if the changes occur randomly, it is NOT learning example: the behavior of a drug addict is due to the repeated experience with pleasurable effects of taking the drug Forms of Learning Habituation/Sensitization habituation is a decrease in response overtime o within-trial habituation: the longer the duration of continuous exposure to a stimulus, the less you respond to that stimulus o between-trials habituation: the more times you experience a stimulus, the less you respond to that stimulus sensitization is an increase in response over some period of time o within-trial sensitization: the longer the duration of continuous exposure to a stimulus, the more you respond to that stimulus o between-trials sensitization: the more times you experience a stimulus, the more you respond to that stimulus Pavlovian (classical) conditioning Instrumental (Operant) conditioning Pavlovian Conditioning Procedures: Conditioned stimulus (CS) → Orienting Reflex (OR) Tone CS Turn head toward CS Unconditioned Stimulus (US) → Unconditioned Response (UR) Food US Salivation UR _______________________________________________________________ · Learning – a systematic change in behavior that is due to experience · Evidence of Learning o Recorded behaviors § Reveals at least one specific response · Exhibits a trend · Or trajectory o Either stronger or weaker o Increasing or decreasing § Changes in response · Occurs randomly o In a haphazard manner · Changes are not systematic · Do not suggest learning § Change in behavior must be shown to be related to the subject’s experience
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· Example: o Increasing amounts of experience (more learning trials) induce larger changes (increase or decrease) in the response · Is drug addiction an example of learning? o Changes in behavior of the drug addict may be due to learning o Behavior of addicts change dramatically as a function of repeated experience § Pleasurable effects of the euphoria-inducing drug · Forms of learning o Simple forms § Non-associative learning · Habituation o Is a DECREASE in a response as a function of experience with a stimulus o Habituation is the action of habituating or the condition of being habituated § The diminishing of a physiological or emotional response to frequently repeated stimulus o Within-trial habituation § The longer the duration of continuous exposure to a stimulus, the LESS you respond to that stimulus o Between-trials habituation § The more times that you experience a stimulus, the LESS you respond to that stimulus · Example of habituation o Acoustic startle reaction o Delicious sauce béarnaise o
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