social lecture 5 - social cognition III

social lecture 5 - social cognition III - Attribution of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

Attribution Attribution —identification of the causes of others’ behavior in order to infer their stable traits and dispositions. (reflects motive to structure our environment; make sense of the world)
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Internal vs. External Attributions Internal attribution : inference that behavior is caused by something about the person ( disposition, effort, trait, ability ) External attribution : inference that behavior is caused by something outside the person ( requirements of the situation; variable, chance, unstable factors )
Image of page 2
I. Attribution Triggers Why? – functional; survival value When? – anytime but very likely following 1. Unexpected events 2. Unattained goals 3. Negative events 4. Self-relevant events
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

II. Attribution Theory Several have been proposed. All assume that people look for patterns in the behavior of others and use those patterns to make rational inferences about them. Example : Kelley’s Covariation theory
Image of page 4
Kelley’s Covariation Theory of Attribution Three types of social information useful in deciding why a person behaves the way he does: 1. Does the person act the same toward other similar objects or entities? ( distinctiveness ) 2. Does the person act similarly toward the object at different times or in different places? ( consistency ) 3. Do other people behave the same? ( consensus )
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

3 Dimensions: Distinctiveness (behavior across entities), Consensus (behavior across people), Consistency (behavior across time/space)
Image of page 6
Kelley (cont.) Prediction – attribution of causality is made to the entity present when the behavior occurs and absent when the behavior does not occur 2 patterns that yield strong attributions: Attribution Internal External Distinctiveness low high Consistency high high Consensus low high
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern