social lecture 9 - obedience - Compliance Obedience to...

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Compliance: Obedience to Authority People often do things they would not normally do in response to pressure from authority (e.g., prisoner abuse, concentration camp atrocities) Are there personalities that are more obedient? Are there situations in which most people will obey?
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Milgram’s Obedience Paradigm Method : Subjects recruited for a study of the effects of punishment on learning. They were paired with another (confederate). The subject was assigned the role of “teacher” and the confederate played the role of “learner.” When the learner made a mistake, the teacher administered an electric shock to the learner.
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Milgram’s Paradigm (cont.) With each error, the teacher increased the shock voltage in 15 volt increments from 15 to a maximum of 450 volts. As the shock level increased, the learner began to complain and asked to stop.
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Milgram’s Paradigm (cont.) If the subject asked to stop, the experimenter replied with one of the following prompts: 1. “Please continue” or “Please go on.” 2. “The experiment requires that you continue.” 3. “It is absolutely essential that you continue.” 4. “You have no other choice, you must go on.”
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Milgram’s Paradigm (cont.) If the subject asked if the learner was being harmed, the experimenter responded with two answers: 1. “Although the shocks may be painful, there is
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