The_Three_Branches_of_Government_and_how

The_Three_Branches_of_Government_and_how - The three...

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The three branches of government and how they work together in the state of New York and the local Government of New York City Pols 331 Dr. Rosemarie A. Pelletier March 22, 2014 The three branches of government and how they work together in the state of New York
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and the local Government of New York City State of New York Government The U.S. Constitution recognizes the sovereignty of the states except areas of federal jurisdiction. Therefore, as a federal state government and legislature have very extensive powers, which include: social services and public health, community development (as economic development, housing, facilities, and parks), public safety, environment (comprising water management, sewerage and solid waste), transport (including public transport, roads, canals, highways), employment and consumption. The state of New York is geographically divided in 62 counties (five of which are boroughs of New York City). Within these counties are 62 cities (including New York City), 932 towns, 555 villages, and 697 school districts (including New York City). In addition to counties, cities, towns and villages, “special districts” meet local needs for fire and police protection, sewer and water systems or other services. 1 Executive The Governor Represents the executive power of the state and is the predominant figure in state politics. Establishes government programs and executes the laws of the state. He also appoints senior officials, plus those responsible for the 20 Departments government, and legal and symbolic state representative. It is capable of veto over laws passed by the legislature. The governor is nominated every 4 years by direct vote by a plurality system. The current 20 departments are Agriculture and Markets, Audit and Control, Banking, Civil Service, Correctional Services, Economic Development, Education, Environmental Conservation, 1 "NYS Division of Budget." NYS DOB: Citizen's Guide . N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014. http://www.budget.ny.gov/citizen/structure/structure.html . 1
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Executive, Family Assistance, Health, Insurance, Labor, Law, Mental Hygiene, Motor Vehicles, Public Service, 2 State, Taxation and Finance, and Transportation. 3 All forms of local authority have a great capacity for self-government containing not only the power but also political and administrative organization to those areas of competence in which it decides to proceed. For this reason, in each level-county, city, village and town government there are a great variety of governance organizations. These range from presidential to mayoral local assemblies with executive powers sustained by technical management. In all cases, the diverse forms of local governments are providers’ federal and state services. By the 10 th Amendment of the Constitution, the states are granted power to adopt local laws that are coherent with the provisions in the State Constitution, in addition, no laws that affect only one locality should be pass, unless there is an interest from the State.
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