Reading Notes #5 - Sarrah Clark-Chapin Sociology 3150...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

Sarrah Clark-Chapin Sociology 3150 Reading Notes #5 February 24, 2016 Chapter XV The Rules of Sociological Method [1895]: Emile Durkheim A social fact is every way of acting, fixed or not, capable of exercising on the individual an external constraint; or again, every way of actin which is general throughout a given society, while at the same time existing in its own right independent of its own individual manifestations.” (p. 209-10) Social Facts ARE: Distinct subject matter of sociology Object of study External & Constraining Ways of acting/thinking/feeling Rooted in sentiment & values Culture or norms Manifested in external indicators Law/ Religion/ Media/ Moral Codes Information about solidarity Treated as things Real causes/real effects Need to aim for objectivity Durkheim’s conception of Sociology: Scientific study of society as a reality “Sui generis” = in a class by itself Having its own nature Different from any other studied science Social Facts = object of study for Durkheim Many things can be social facts Births/ Deaths/ marriages Paper trails/ cultural norms Collective forces in Society Assist in acting upon all involved in society Individuals affected in different amounts Humans act and feel Actions may be predestined by Social Facts Individuals engage in forms of conduct These are results of social facts Ways of Thinking/ Feeling/ Acting are sanctioned Informally OR Formally Social Facts Are External/ Coercive Upon all individuals= 2 types: 1
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Material = structural OR clearly defined Birth rates/ health statistics Non-material = social OR more elusive Collective conscience / anomie Durkheim’s belief of Society: More than just sum of parts; from groupings new properties will emerge Individuals are born into a society Each just one component Make sum of parts to the whole of Society Social Facts = modes of conduct Forced upon group members Shared moral obligation
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '16
  • Sociology, Emile Durkheim, social facts

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern