Reading Notes #6 - Sarrah Clark-Chapin Sociology 3150...

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Sarrah Clark-Chapin Sociology 3150 Reading Notes #6 March 2, 2016 Chapter XIX “Objectivity” in Social Science [1904] Max Weber MAX WEBER Weber was critical of Marx’s idea of radical revolutionary change Didn’t want to see a socialist society Doesn’t say we are innate egotistical or social/productive human nature replaced by social action Doesn’t talk about human nature Talks about social action Sociology’s Status as Science All Science involves Search for truth Verification of knowledge for observation Objectivity Problem of Objectivity Objectively Valid Truths Located WHERE Social / cultural phenomena Can be related to what Science involves Listed in earlier argument Can ONLY have objectively Valid Truths in Sociology With FREE sociology Rational method to produce systematic research Rational Method: Categorized facts of imperial data to clearly form concepts Use proper rules of evidence Only draw conclusions from available evidence Value Free Sociology is objective Focused on “what IS” not what “Ought to be” Concern for subjective meaning does not mean Sociology is unscientific Objective of Sociology Weber sociology Interpret action in terms of its subjective meaning Sociological interpretation of social action Weber not really motivated by what motivates people world is filled with social actions and people are trying to coordinate their actions
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but the question is why are people to do this? cognitive part Subjective meanings (ideas) = formation of Ideal types Humans = sentient beings No concrete conclusion about subject/ something Only formulate causality Coordinate knowledge / explain social phenomenon Through multiple perspectives Condense all perspectives into ONE Ideal type One collective unit Social phenomenon = multiple ideal types For each possible phenomenon Claim to Objectivity FAILED Multiple points of view for a social phenomenon Was weber’s theory for Objectivity All points of view are subject to opinion NO OBJECTIVE REALITY Only objectivity is for operationalization How values affect ideal types/ research / biases/ definition Weber states “ideal types” have multiple points of view Can be studied objectivity = research on objective facts TRUTH = subjective interpretations Of phenomenon condensed into on unit Coordination of subjective knowledge Chapter XX Basic Sociological Terms [1914] Max Weber The Problem of Method Weber’s solution = Verstehen Verstehen = interpretive understanding of subject ive motivations.
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