Reading Notes #8 - Sarrah Clark-Chapin Sociology 3150...

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Sarrah Clark-Chapin Sociology 3150 Reading Notes #8 April 4, 2016 Chapter XXIX: Civilization and its Discontents Sigmund Freud [1929] Freud discusses Society Incompatible/ at odds with love (sexuality) Love between 2 people No need for society Needs of individuals & needs of societies Contradict each other Linking people in a society Through work/ common interests People still have need for more connection Through sexual impulses/ libido Friendships/ relationships Man is considered “selfish” Aggressive & sexual Using others for own needs/ means Amusement from other’s misfortunes Civilization attempts to control Man’s behaviors Instincts that overrule reason Aggressive/ passionate/ brutish/ violence Restrictions and permissions Restrict sexual habits Permit violence against crime Little progress made through structure Still inborn instinct in man Freud’s opinion on Communism Abolish private property = no more aggression in human nature Freud feels aggression would still exist In intimate relationships between man & woman He is hers—she is his Instinct for ownership/aggression would still be in place Freud opinion on Society Small scales/ groups can be successful Because one’s innate aggression Aimed at others OUTSIDE of the group structure Protecting cohesive relationships INSIDE group
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Allows for outlets for aggressions Examples: Spain/Portugal England/Scotland Jewish/Non-Jewish Freud opinion on Primal Society Women and children had no freedoms Only heads of society received freedom For primal instincts Less opportunity to be happy Modern society = more restrictions for primal instincts More chances to be happy than those of primal societies Traded some of our freedoms for sense of security Does modern have it “better” than primal?
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