Reading Notes #9 - Sarrah Clark-Chapin Sociology 3150...

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Sarrah Clark-Chapin Sociology 3150 Reading Notes # 9 April 6, 2016 Chapter XXV: The Self [1934] George Herbert Mead Mead developed theory of Social Behaviorism Social experience creates individual personality Studied through inward thinking The self, as that which can be an object to itself, is essentially a social structure and it arises in social experience.” (p.350) The Self Part of individual’s personality Composed of Self-awareness & Self image Only develops w/ social experience Social experience = exchange of symbols Finding meaning = interpretation Understanding intention requires Imagining situation From all points of view— “generalized other” Putting oneself in another’s shoes Taking role of the other In taking role of “the other” Person becomes self-aware “One inevitably seeks an audience, has to pour himself out to somebody. In reflective intelligence one tends to act, and to act solely so that this action remains a part of a social action.” (p.351) Looking Glass Self Self-image Based on how we “think” others perceive us The “I” and the “ME” Taking the role of the “generalized other” Doing the “ME” for the wants of the “I” 2 separate parts of the “Self” “I” = active / spontaneous side Side that wants/needs “ME” = objective (as possible) side How we think others want us to be to achieve wants/needs ALL social experience has BOTH components of “Self” Development of the Self
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Engaging in imitation Taking the role of NO ONE Inability to take the role of the “other” Engaging in play Taking the role of one other In a specific situation for the needs of play Engaging in games Taking the role of many Needing to understand what each role does and why Recognizing the “Generalized Other” Taking the role in the world group situations Generalized Other Cultural groups, norms, values As we use for reference in evaluating ourselves Chapter XXVI: The Stranger [1908] Georg Simmel Sociological form of the Stranger Unity of wandering in pursuit of liberation From every point in space /opposition to fixation at a certain point The “Stranger” IS: Person who comes and stays BUT still potential wanderer May not move on Has not overcome the freedom of coming and going Position in group is determined by Does not belong from beginning Imports qualities into it That do not / cannot stem from group itself Still important element to group Comes in form of trader Traders are required for products Originating outside of group Traders = strangers Stranger IS Objective Not radically committed to unique ingredients / make up of group Peculiar tendencies Approaches with a specific attitude of objectivity
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