CRSC2 exer2 - Marvin Daniel R Largo 2011-62127 I September...

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Marvin Daniel R. Largo September 3, 2015 2011-62127 CRSC 2 U-5L I. Study Questions: A. Explain the basic principles involved in BIG. Here are 8 basic principles not mentioned in the hand-out: Double-Dug, Raised Beds Composting Intensive Planting Companion Planting Carbon Farming Calorie Farming The Use of Open-Pollinated Seeds A Whole-System Farming Method Most life in nature occurs at the interface of soil, water, air and sun. BIG soil preparation practices create growing beds with more surface area to maximize the effect of nature’s life processes. Double-dug beds, with soil loosened to a depth of 24 inches, aerate the soil, facilitate root growth, and improve water retention. The health and vigour of the soil are maintained through the use of compost. Close plant spacing is used to protect soil microorganisms, reduce water loss, and maximize yields. Companion planting facilitates the optimal use of nutrients, light and water, encourages beneficial insects and creates a vibrant mini-ecosystem within the garden. A focus on the production of calories for the farmer and carbon for the soil ensures that both the farmer and the soil will be adequately fed and that the farm will be sustainable. The use
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