Week 7 Renaissance Comparison Essay

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Page 1 of 7 Renaissance Comparison Essay Renaissance Comparison Essay Joel Rodriguez HIS 135 Kurt Scheffler March 12, 2016
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Renaissance means "rebirth." This term essentially came about as the Renaissance marked a new era in thought and feeling, by which Europe and its civilization were to be transformed in the future. The revelations that occurred in Italy influenced other countries for at least 200 years. Outside of Italy the Renaissance was more of a blend of the old and the new with religion being the most important factor. The Italian and northern Renaissance's, although both made advancements in style and beliefs, had many faces and events that were different. Humanism is defined as a literary movement that occurred during the Renaissance. Although it was understood to be the same thing throughout Europe, the Italians and the northerners conceived it differently. Some of the more important northern humanists include John Calvin, Thomas More in England, and Erasmus of Rotterdam. The Christian humanism of the north is easily distinguished with the "pagan" humanism of Italy. In the north, humanists studied the Hebrew and Greek texts of the Bible and read the Church Fathers so that they could further understand Christianity and restore its moral vitality. They generally regarded universities as centers of pedantic, monkish, and "scholastic" learning. These universities gave little interest to experimental science or even literary studies. The Italian humanists wrote in Latin, but often complained that it had become monkish, "scholastic", and in some ways useless. The schools in Italy preferred the more classical style of Cicero or Livy. Francesco Petrarca, or Petracrch, is known as the first man of letters. He criticized both the law and the clergy relentlessly.
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