Pol Sci Final Essay 3 - Compare the United Kingdom and...

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Compare the United Kingdom and Germany in terms of the type of welfare state each country is, and the type of health care system each offers to its population. How efficient is each type of system in costs versus outcomes? Where does the United States rank in comparison (higher or lower) to the U.K. and Germany in the cost and performance of its welfare and health care systems? The United Kingdom and Germany are amongst two of the most successful countries in the world, economically, politically and socially. However, the UK and Germany each offer distinct systems of social policies and health care to its population. The social policies are known as welfare states, and include a mixture of universal entitlements, social insurance, means-tested public assistance and tax expenditures. Each system relies more heavily on one of these types of social policies, and has different effects on poverty and inequality. The three types of welfare states are social democratic, Christian democratic and Liberal. The Social Democratic welfare state emphasizes a broad and encompassing list of universal entitlements including paid maternity leave, preschool and child allowances, basic retirement pensions and job training. The main goals are to achieve greater social equality and promote equal citizenship. The Christian democratic welfare state emphasizes social insurance. It’s designed primarily to achieve income stabilization, to mitigate the effects of market-induced income insecurity. The third type of welfare state is the Liberal welfare state, where the social policies emphasize means-tested programs. Liberal welfare states are more concerned with
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