Sociology Final Exam - Sociology Final Exam THEORETICAL...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sociology Final Exam THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES How do we think sociologically? -What we often take for granted in society is very strongly influenced by historical and social forces Sociologists focus on the group, more than the individual, on patterns of social behavior, on social forces that encourage patterns of conformity, on the effects people have on social structure Individualistic explanations versus sociological explanations -Individualistic explanations: we tend to look at internal qualities to explain experiences -Sociological explanations: we try to look at external factors that shape individual choices and opportunities Sociological imagination: the application of imaginative thought to the asking and answering of sociological questions. Someone using the sociological imagination “thinks himself away” from the familiar routines of daily life. -Social structure: the underling regularities or patterns in how people behave and in their relationships with one another. Personal troubles versus social [public] issues Personal troubles are unique to the person or small percentage of individuals Social issues: affecting a large amount of people, larger problem/ society -Troubles: personal needs, problems or difficulties that can be explained as individual shortcomings -Issues: matter that cannot be explained by the individual Birth of sociology -Sociology developed in the late 19 th century, born out of social upheaval created by the French and Industrial Revolutions Mechanization changed the nature of work ^Sociology emerged as an effort to understand the dramatic & almost immeasurable effects of the Industrial Revolution on human life across the globe ^Main founder was Durkheim focused on divisions of labor & solidarity; task was to analyze and explain solidarity & the ties that bind ppl to one another Industrial Revolution - Caused several changes in society. Family structures, laws, work & employment, different living conditions (personal space changes) sociological discipline occurred during these changes -Changed everything. Mass production –ways in which people negotiated time/space –ways people made a living –urbanization/migrations –the importance of home in ppl’s lives –access formal education –emergence of consumption-oriented economy/ culture Macrosociology: the study of large-scale groups, organizations, or social systems Microsociology: the study of human behavior in contexts of face-to-face interaction -Structural Functionalism: or simply functionalism, is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability . This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structures that shape society as a whole, and believes that society has evolved like organisms. This approach looks at both social structure and social functions.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern