Chapter 16 - Chapter 16 Toddlers 1-3 years old Preschoolers...

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Chapter 16 Toddlers: 1-3 years old Preschoolers: 3-5 years old - Average weight gain in second year: 3-5 pounds - Average height gain: 3 to 5 inches - Children need to eat frequent, small meals and nutrient-dense foods o Tend not to eat much at one sitting o Toddlers need 1,00 to 1,600 calories daily o Avoid choking hazards - Young children have unique nutrient needs o 1-3 years: 500 mg of calcium o Iron deficiency is most common nutritional deficiency in children Result from too much milk Provide lean meats, iron-fortified cereals - Need to consume enough vitamin D and fiber o Vitamin D prevents rickets 1-8 need 5 mcg (200 IU) o Fiber 1-3 need 19 g 4-8 need 25 g o Need nutrient dense beverages Milk and water - Quality of diet impacts growth o Caregivers should encourage and model healthy habits - School-aged children are experiencing higher rates of obesity and diabetes o Due to many factors: too many calories, too little physical activity Excess calories from sugary drinks, sports drinks, high fat foods, larger portions Less physical activity due to increased “screen” time, less physical education at school - Key messages: o Be physically active every day. o Choose healthier foods from each group. o Eat more of some food groups than others. o Eat foods from every group every day.
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