Notes Wednesday 9/16/2015 - China I Early Origins Shang...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
China I: Early Origins Shang Dynasty: The Shang Dynasty, which many scholars consider to be the first real dynasty, was the most advanced bronze-working civilization in the world, provided the earliest and most complete record of Chinese writing, scratched out on the shoulder blades of pigs for oracular purposes, and were a bloodthirsty pre-modern civilization. The Shang people had bronze weapons, bronze fittings for chariots and harnesses, and bronze vessels connected with worship. They grew grains such as millet and some wheat, which were harvested with sickles. Zhou Empire: The Zhou weren’t as good at working bronze as the Shang. Some, though not all, scholars believe that Xia, the Shang, and the Zhou actually had three different cultures that emerged more or less at the same time in different areas of the Yellow River valley. China was then made up of a number of quasi-independent principalities following conquests over each other The Zhou moved east, thus neatly dividing the Zhou dynasty into eastern and western periods Warring States Period (403-221 BC): The second half of the Zhou period, the so-called Warring States Period, is named so because of the power struggle between the large states of China that were trying to gain control over the entire area, lasting from 475-221 BC Confucianism: Confucianism is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of the early Chinese philosopher Confucius. It is a complex system of moral, social, political, and religious thought which has had tremendous influence on the history of Chinese civilization down to the 21st century Unification and Warfare: The Warring States period featured what modern strategists might call “total war.” Massive armies, long battles, and sieges were all common features of the Warring States period King Zheng (Shihuangdi): In 221 BC, King Zheng united all of what is now china and renamed himself Qin
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern